Organizational psychology

occupational psychology

Occupational psychology provides tools for understanding phenomena such as the relationships between people at work, the effects of work on employees, and people’s behavior towards an organization.

Psychological phenomena related to work and encompasses three areas:

  1. Personnel psychology : concerns the relationship between people and the organization, from personnel selection to the end of the relationship between the person and the organization. Important aspects are: recruitment, selection, career development, job performance, appraisal criteria and equal treatment.
  2. Occupational psychology : deals with the effects of work on employees, highlighting the following aspects: employee health, motivation and satisfaction, tasks, work environment, expertise, errors and safety, work strategies.
  3. Organizational psychology : deals with the behavior of people in relation to the organization. Important aspects are: communication and conflictual relationships, cooperation and group work, power and leadership, negotiation and decision-making, justice, counterproductive or dysfunctional behavior in the organization, organizational culture, structure and technology, and inter-organizational relations.